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340.235.22

Canadian Policing
Why and How It Must Change


Auteur(s) :
Roach, Kent
Éditeur :
Irwin Law
Année :
2022
Nombre de pages :
268
Type de reliure :
Souple
ISBN :
978-1-55221-654-5
Prix :
34,95 $
Format :
Papier


Product Description

Canadian Policing: Why and How It Must Change is a comprehensive and critical examination of Canadian policing from its colonial origins to its response to the February 2022 blockades and occupations. Police shootings in June 2020 should dispel any complacency that Canada does not face similar policing problems as the United States, and a vicious circle of overpolicing and underprotection plagues many intersecting disadvantaged groups. Multiple accountability measures — criminal investigations, Charter litigation, complaints, and discipline — have not improved Canadian policing. What is required is more active and proactive governance by the boards, councils, and ministers that are responsible for Canada’s police. Governance should respect law enforcement independence and discretion while rejecting overbroad claims of police operational independence and self-governance.

Even before pandemic-related deficits, the costs of the public police were not sustainable — these budgets require fundamental change without expansion. Such change should include greater service delivery by more expert and cost-effective health, social service, and community agencies. Indigenous police services — unfortunately, Canada’s only chronically and unconstitutionally underfunded police services — can also play a positive role. To that end, Canadian Policing: Why and How It Must Change offers concrete proposals for reforms to the RCMP, use of force policies, better community safety plans, and more democratic policing.

 

Table of Contents

Introduction

After George Floyd: June 2020

The Vicious Circle of Overpolicing and Underprotection

The Limits of Legalized and After-the-Fact Accountability

Paralyzed and Divided Undergovernance

The Unsustainable Costs of the Public Police

Broader Approaches to Community and Officer Safety and Well-Being

Decolonizing Policing in Indigenous Communities

What Is to Be Done with the RCMP?

Conclusion

Acknowledgements



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